While the Myoguide System is better known for being a world class, EMG/STIM BotNT injection guidance system, the USFDA classification includes “Electrical Peripheral Nerve Stimulator”. We can underline the fact that Myoguide has a very well featured, integrated stimulator designed for both nerve and muscle stimulation.
In fact, it is Myoguide’s capability of being continuously upgradeable, that has allowed us to update the stimulator to 0.1 mA capability as of December 2016. Suffice it to say that all Myoguide units produced before that date can be updated to that capability, and all units shipped out after that date are fully capable. Why not ensure that your essential equipment is protected from obsolescence!
This update has truly created an improvement to an already powerful tool for both nerve location and injection guidance procedures. We will be addressing how Myoguide can be used as a peripheral nerve stimulator.
Nerve stimulation with a low-intensity electrical current has become a vital part of the performance of peripheral nerve blockade.
How does the Myoguide Injection Guidance system stand up to the accuracy and characteristics of peripheral nerve stimulators used in clinical practice in the United States and Canada?
All peripheral nerve stimulators perform uniformly well when set to deliver currents of 1.0 mA or more. Lower currents of all peripheral nerve stimulators tend to have a higher median error.
The same is true for pulse width accuracy ranges. As far as the ability to ensure proper delivery of higher currents, this is up to the available compliance voltage. This is the voltage that is available to generate the proper constant current level for a given load. Myoguide has one of the highest levels of compliance, which is up to 300 Volts. While this is more essential for ESTIM guidance, Myoguide will never run out available overhead for lower constant current stimulation levels.
Myoguide will deliver:
- OUTPUT CURRENT: 0– 20mA; adjustable in 1.0 mA or 0.1 mA steps
- Current less than 2mA: Average error > 30%
- Current more than 2mA: equal or less than displayed current within 10%
- STIMULATOR FREQUENCY:1,3,5,7, or 10 Hz +/- 5%
- PULSE WIDTH: 50, 100, 200, or 500 μs pulse width +/- 1%
- OUTPUT WAVEFORM: Monopolar square waveform
- ELECTRODE IMPEDANCE: 200 – 10 kΩ
- MAXIMUM EXCITATION: 300V
Use of Myoguide as a Peripheral Nerve Stimulator
The setup for Myoguide use as a peripheral nerve stimulator is fairly simple.
- The black Input/Output connector, in this case “output” connector, connects to the needle electrode to be used for delivery of the pulse
- The Reference (red) connector (surface electrode) is needed in order to generate the stimulation pulse.
These electrodes should be located close together, or strategically placed if multiple stimulation points are needed, so the reference won’t have to be moved.
- The ground (green) connector must be used to ensure a secure ground.
Myoguide will always default to EMG mode, when you turn it on. You need to get into STIM mode by holding the MODE button until you’ll hear the relay click and the “Stimulating” screen is shown.
- The unit will default to 0.0mA and be in the 1.0mA step mode. Once you start increasing the stimulation from 0.0, you will see the yellow stimulation light illuminate to indicate the stimulation is live and actively working.
- If you want to advance in 1.0mA steps and then fine tune with 0.1mA steps, you just need to move the left/right arrow buttons to highlight the 0.1mA side and use the up/down arrow buttons to modify the stimulation in 0.1mA steps.
- You can select the stimulation frequency and pulse width, by moving the left/right arrow buttons to highlight these parameters and then the up/down arrows to increase or decrease your selection of pulse width and stimulation frequency.
- Use the left/right arrow buttons to move the cursor to the current selection area. You will probably want to use the left/right arrow buttons to move the cursor to the .0 side of the mA symbol, to be in 0.1mA step mode. You will then be able to stimulate.
- The stimulation pause function: You can pause the stimulation at any time, by simultaneously pressing the left/right arrow buttons. You can see the pause symbol above these. This will stop the stimulation and you will see the stimulation light turn off. You can restart stimulation at the last stimulation setting, by simply pressing any button, and it will restart stimulating at the last setting.
Please explore all this functionality with your Myoguide, using surface electrodes on your hand, to help become more familiar with the process, before delivering treatment to your patients. The exercise will build confidence and help streamline your approach for patient encounters (see Test Drive Your Myoguide).
You may purchase your Myoguide EMG/ESTIM BoNT injection guidance system, accessories, and electrodes, directly from the Myoguide Store! Credit card payments and quotations can be accommodated directly from our website, for your convenience.
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