A Brief Word On Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Myofascial pain syndrome is a disease of the muscle that produces local and referred pain. Myofascial pain may be categorized in many ways, but the majority of cases are associated with trigger points. It is characterized by a motor abnormality (a taut or hard band within the muscle) and by sensory abnormalities (tenderness and referred pain).

It is classified as a musculoskeletal pain syndrome that can be acute or chronic, regional or generalized. It can be a primary disorder causing local or regional pain syndromes, or a secondary disorder that occurs as a consequence of some other condition.

When it becomes chronic, it tends to generalize, but it does not change to fibromyalgia. It is a treatable condition that can respond well to manual and injection techniques, but requires attention to postural, ergonomic, and structural factors, and toxic or metabolic factors that impair muscle function.


(Kraus H: Muscle deficiency. In Rachlin ES, Rachlin IS, editors Myofascial pain and fibromyalgia, ed. 2, St. Louis 2002, Mosby). (Gerwin, Robert D. “Classification, epidemiology, and natural history of myofascial pain syndrome.(Author abstract)(Report).” Current Pain and Headache Reports 5.5 (Oct 2001): 412(9). Academic OneFile. Gale. BCR Regis University. 27 Oct. 2008)